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NPB-health-risks

Using Zero VOC Cleaning Solvents: An Overview

If you enter an industrial work environment where chemical solvents are in use, you might get a strong whiff of something that smells like a cross between manmade chemicals and highly odoriferous natural substances. There’s a good chance that what you smell is a mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are naturally occurring or manmade organic compounds whose volatility frequently makes them gasify quite quickly at room temperature.

Dangers of VOC Exposure

When it comes to the effects of VOC exposure in humans, VOCs are similar to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) that don’t have an organic formulation. Short-term exposure can cause symptoms such as upset stomach, difficulty breathing, and watery eyes. Long-term exposure can potentially cause permanent nerve damage, neurological problems, and even cancer.

The dangers of VOC exposure hold negative consequences for companies as well as their workers. Short-term exposure to VOCs can lead to an increase in sick days taken, which hampers productivity; and long-term VOC exposure commonly results in workers compensation claims chemical injury lawsuits. For companies and their workers, using zero VOC cleaning solvents to replace solvents that contain hazardous VOCs is win-win situation.

Buying Zero VOC Solvents

In terms of sheer product selection, industrial solvents that have low VOC content are generally easier to find than ones that contain no VOCs. However, zero VOC cleaning solvents have become more popular in recent years, as the EPA and OSHA have taken an increasingly firm stance on regulating the use of dangerous chemicals in the workplace, and businesses have taken cost cutting to a new level to help offset losses from the recession.

One of our own products, Eco-Spray ZV-2 – Zero VOC Cleaner Degreaser, is a good example of a flexible, zero VOC solvent that can be used for various applications. In addition to purchasing readymade solvents, there’s also the option of having zero VOC cleaning solvents made from scratch to address your unique requirements. Regardless of which type of product you choose, one thing is certain: Your operation stands to benefit from improved workplace safety.

Low VOC Cost Saving Benefits

Even when a zero VOC cleaning solvent costs more than a VOC solvent it could replace, there are still some important cost saving benefits to be had from making the switch. In addition to helping decrease sick days taken and avoid workers compensation claims and injury lawsuits, using zero VOC solvents can help companies avoid fines for emission cap violations, avoid using the highest level of personal protective equipment (PPE) for workers, and operate the air filtration system that removes airborne contaminants more efficiently.

Who We Are

At Ecolink, we specialize in developing industrial cleaning solvents that are environmentally safe and environmentally preferred. In addition to providing readymade solutions, we also formulate custom blends that can be supplied for as long as you need them. If your company or organization is in the market for zero VOC cleaning solvents, we can provide them. To start exploring your options, please call us today at (800) 563-1305, or use our contact form.

mil prf cleaner

MIL-PRF Cleaner: ARL Revision now includes Low or VOC Exempt standard

MIL-PRF-XXXX PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION

CLEANER, GENERAL, FOR GROUND VEHICLES AND GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE, LOW OR EXEMPT VOC, HAP-FREE

This specification is approved for use by all Departments and Agencies of the Department of Defense.

Note: This draft, dated March 2, 2010, prepared by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Department of the Army, has not been approved and is subject to modification.  DO NOT USE PRIOR TO APPROVAL. (Project No.: 6850-2008-003).

1.  SCOPE

1.1  Scope.  This specification covers general cleaners and cleaning compounds (excludes petroleum products) that are hazardous air pollutants (HAP) free and contains either a low content of volatile organic compounds (VOC) or an exempt VOC, for use on military systems.

1.2  Classification. The cleaners are of the following classes, types, and grades (see 6.2).

1.2.1 Classes.

1.2.1.1  Class 1.  Aqueous (contains water).

1.2.1.2  Class 2. Non-aqueous (does not contain water).

1.2.2  Types.

Comments, suggestions, or questions on this document should be addressed to: Director, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Material & Manufacturing Science Directorate, Materials Manufacturing Technologies Branch, Specifications and Standards Office, Attn: RDRL-WMM-D, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5069 or emailed to rsquilla@arl.army.mil.  Since contact information can change, you may want to verify the currency of this address information using the ASSIST Online database at http://assist.daps.dla.mil/.

AMSC N/A    FSC 6850

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A:  Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

1.2.2.1  Type I.  VOC exempt/VOC free.

1.2.2.2 Type II.  Type II encompasses compliant cleaners.

1.2.2.2.1  Type IIa.  Type IIa has a VOC level less than 25g/L. and a maximum vapor pressure of 7 mm Hg at 68 °F (20 °C).

1.2.2.2.2 Type IIb.  Type IIb has a maximum vapor pressure of 1 mm Hg at 68 °F (20 °C).

1.2.3 Grades.

1.2.3.1  Grade I.  Grade I has an evaporation rate greater than 1.0 (where n-butyl acetate = 1.0).

1.2.3.2  Grade II.    Grade II has an evaporation rate less than 1.0 and greater than 0.1 (where n-butyl acetate = 1.0).

1.2.3.3  Grade III.  Grade III has an evaporation rate less than 0.1 (where n-butyl acetate = 1.0).

2.  APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS

2.1  General.  The documents listed in this section are specified in sections 3, 4, or 5 of this specification. This section does not include documents cited in other sections of this specification or recommended for additional information or as examples. While every effort has been made to ensure the completeness of this list, document users are cautioned that they must meet all specified requirements of documents cited in sections 3, 4, or 5 of this specification, whether or not they are listed.

2.2  Government documents.

2.2.1  Specifications, standards, and handbooks. The following specifications, standards, and handbooks form a part of this document to the extent specified herein.  Unless otherwise specified (see 6.2), the issues of these documents are those cited in the solicitation or contract.

FEDERAL STANDARDS

FED-STD-791D       –    Solvent Cleaning Power by a Soil Test Method

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SPECIFICATIONS

MIL-DTL-5516    –    Packing, Preformed, Petroleum Hydraulic Fluid Resistant, 160                     Degrees F (71 Degrees C)
MIL-PRF-6855    –    Rubber, Synthetic, Sheets, Strips, Molded or Extruded Shapes,                     General Specification for
MIL-A-8625        –    Anodic Coatings for Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
MIL-PRF-10924    –    Grease, Automotive and Artillery
MIL-G-22050        –    Gasket and Packing Material, Rubber, for use with Polar Fluids, Steam, and Air at Moderately High Temperatures
MIL-P-25732        –    Packing, Preformed, Petroleum Hydraulic Fluid Resistant, Limited Service at 275 Deg. F (135 Deg. C)
MIL-R-81828        –    Rubber, Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene Elastomer, Sheet and Shapes, Ozone Resistant

(Copies of these documents are available online at http://assist.daps.dla.mil/quicksearch/
or http://assist.daps.dla.mil or from the Standardization Document Order Desk, 700 Robbins
Avenue, Building 4D, Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094.)

2.2.2  Other Government documents, drawings, and publications. The following other
Government documents, drawings, and publications form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. Unless otherwise specified (see 6.2), the issues of these documents are those cited in the solicitation or contract.

CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR)

40 CFR Ch.1        –    Environmental Protection Agency
40 CFR 63        –    National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for                     Source Categories
40 CFR 261        –    Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste
40 CFR 401.15    –     Protection of Environment (Toxic pollutants)

(Copies of this document are available online at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/ or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402-0001.)

SOUTH COAST AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT (SCAQMD)

SCAQMD Method 313    –     Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)

(Copies of these documents are available online at http://www.aqmd.gov or from South Coast Air Quality Management District, 21865 Copley Drive, Diamond Bar, CA 91765.)

2.3  Non-Government publications.  The following documents form a part of this specification to the extent specified herein.  Unless otherwise indicated (see 6.2), the issue in effect on date of invitation for bids or request for proposal should apply.

AEROSPACE INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION – NATIONAL AEROSPACE STANDARD

NAS 1613        –    Seal Element, Packing, Preformed, Ethylene Propylene Rubber

(Copies of these documents are available from http://www.aia-aerospace.org or the Aerospace Industries Association of America 1250 Eye Street, N.W., Suite 1200 Washington, DC, United States, 20005-3924.)
ASTM INTERNATIONAL

ASTM D56         –     Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester (DoD Adopted)
ASTM D130        –    Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test (DoD Adopted)
ASTM D471        –    Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids (DoD Adopted)
ASTM D866            Standard Specification for Crosslinked Styrene-Butadiene (SBR) Synthetic Rubber Jacket for Wire and Cable
ASTM D1353     –     Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related                      Products (DoD Adopted)
ASTM E70        –    Standard Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions with the Glass Electrode (DoD Adopted)
ASTM E2008        –    Standard Test Method for Volatility Rate by Thermogravimetry
ASTM F483         –     Standard Test Method for Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals (DoD Adopted)
ASTM F484         –     Standard Test Method for Stress Crazing of Acrylic Plastics in Contact with Liquid or Semi-liquid Compounds (DoD Adopted)
ASTM F485         –     Standard Test Method for Effects of Cleaners on Unpainted Aircraft Surfaces
ASTM F502         –     Standard Test Method for Effects of Cleaning and Chemical Maintenance Materials on Painted Aircraft Surfaces (DoD                 Adopted)
ASTM F519         –     Standard Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating Processes and Service Environments                         (DoD Adopted)
ASTM F945         –     Standard Test Method for Stress-Corrosion of Titanium Alloys by Aircraft Engine Cleaning Materials (DoD Adopted)
ASTM F1110         –     Standard Test Method for Sandwich Corrosion Test (DoD Adopted)
ASTM F1111     –     Corrosion of Low-Embrittling Cadmium Plate by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals (DoD Adopted)

(Copies of these documents are available from www.astm.org or ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.)

SAE INTERNATIONAL

AMS-QQ-A-250      –     Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy, Plate and Sheet General Specification For  (DoD Adopted)
AMS-QQ-A-250/11    –     Aluminum Alloy 6061, Plate and Sheet (DoD Adopted)
SAE-AMS-M-3171    –    Magnesium Alloy, Processes for Pretreatment and Prevention of Corrosion on (DoD Adopted)
SAE-AMS-4377    –    Sheet and Plate, Magnesium Alloy 3.0Al – 1.0Zn – 0.20Mn (AZ31B-H24) Cold Rolled, Partially Annealed (DoD Adopted)
AMS 4911        –    Titanium Alloy, Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 6Al – 4V, Annealed (DoD Adopted)
AMS 5046        –    Carbon Steel, Sheet, Strip, and Plate, (SAE 1020 and 1025), Annealed  (DoD Adopted)
SAE-AMS-P-5510    –    Packing, Preformed, Straight Thread Tube Fitting Boss, Type I Hydraulic (-65 DEG. F to 160 DEG. F) (DoD Adopted)
AMS 7259        –    Rings, Sealing, Fluorocarbon (FKM) Rubber High Temperature-Fluid Resistant Low Compression Set 85 – 95 (DoD Adopted)
AMS 7276        –    Rings, Sealing, Fluorocarbon (FKM) Rubber High Temperature-Fluid Resistant Low Compression Set 70 – 80 (DoD Adopted)
SAE-AMS-R-83285    –    Rubber, Ethylene-Propylene, General Purpose (DoD Adopted)
SAE-AMS-P-83461    –    Packing, Preformed, Petroleum Hydraulic Fluid Resistant, Improved Performance at 275 Deg. F (135 Deg. C) (DoD                 Adopted)
SAE AS3209        –    Packing, Preformed – AMS 7276, ‘O’ Ring (DoD Adopted)
SAE AS3581        –    Packing, Preformed O-Ring Seal AMS 7259 (DoD Adopted)

(Copies of these documents are available from http://www.sae.org or SAE World Headquarters, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096-0001)

2.4  Order of precedence.   In the event of a conflict between the text of this document and the references cited herein, the text of this document takes precedence.  Nothing in this document, however, supersedes applicable laws and regulations unless a specific exemption has been obtained.

3.  REQUIREMENTS

3.1  Qualification.

3.1.1 Qualification (Initial). The cleaning compound furnished under this specification shall be a product which has been tested by the qualifying activity and has passed the qualification tests specified herein and has been listed or approved for listing on the applicable Qualified Products Database (QPD) by the qualifying activity (see 3.1.3, 4.2 and 6.3) before contract award.  Any change in the chemical formulation, the material, the process, or the procedure in manufacturing the cleaning compound shall necessitate its being qualified again.   Any change requires a complete re-qualification.  The material supplied under contract shall be identical, within manufacturing tolerances, to the products receiving qualification.  Any cleaning compound that does not conform to all the qualification tests specified herein shall be removed from the QPD.

3.1.2  Retention of qualification.  To retain qualification approval of products listed on the Qualified Products Database (QPD), the manufacturer shall be required to verify by certification to the qualifying activity that its product(s) comply with the requirements of this specification.  Unless otherwise specified by the qualifying activity (see 6.2), the time of periodic verification by certification shall be in two-year intervals from the date of original qualification (see 4.3).  The certification action is initiated by the qualifying activity.

3.1.3 Qualifying activity.  The activity responsible for the testing and evaluation of all cleaning compounds furnished under this specification for qualification and conformance testing is the Rapid Technology Transition Team, Materials Manufacturing Technologies Branch, Material & Manufacturing Science Division, Army Research Laboratory located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 21005-5069.

3.2  Production acceptance.

3.2.1  Material.  The materials used in the cleaning compound that are supplied under this specification shall be as specified herein.  The materials not specified shall be selected by the contractor and shall be subjected to all the provisions of this specification.

3.2.1.1  Composition.  The composition of the cleaning compound shall be the same as that of the sample furnished for qualification testing.  Any change in the formulation of a qualified product shall require re-qualification.

3.2.1.2  Prohibited materials.  The cleaning compound shall not contain any hazardous compounds as defined in 40 CFR 261, toxic pollutants in 40 CFR 401.15, nor hazardous air pollutants in 40 CFR 63.

3.2.1.2.1  Toxicity.  The cleaning compound shall not contain any chemical listed by the current report of known carcinogens of the National Toxicology Program (NTP).  The cleaning compounds supplied under this specification shall have no adverse effect on human health when used for their intended purpose (see 6.1 and 6.5).  A certified letter from the U.S. CHPPM, confirming the requirements of this section must be sent to the Rapid Technology Transition Team, Materials Manufacturing Technologies Branch, Material & Manufacturing Science Division, Army Research Laboratory located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 21005-5069.

3.2.1.2.2  Carcinogenicity.  The cleaner shall contain no chemicals listed as carcinogens (see 6.4.2). Any carcinogenic components in the cleaner in a concentration of 0.1 percent (%) or greater by weight (wt) or volume (vol) will be regarded as the presence of a carcinogen in the cleaner.

3.2.1.2.3  Hazardous Air Pollutants.  The cleaner shall contain no chemicals listed as Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) (see 6.4.3).  Any HAP components in the cleaner in a concentration of 1.0 percent (%) or greater by weight (wt) or volume (vol) will be regarded as the presence of a HAP in the cleaner.  The product containing less than 1 % of HAP shall be considered as a HAP free cleaner. For carcinogenic HAPs see 3.2.1.2.2.  A certified letter from the U.S. CHPPM, confirming the requirements of this section must be sent to the Rapid Technology Transition Team, Materials Manufacturing Technologies Branch, Material & Manufacturing Science Division, Army Research Laboratory located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 21005-5069.

3.3  Process or Procedure.

3. 4  Performance and physical requirements.   The cleaning compound shall meet all the requirements listed in Table I when tested in accordance with Table II.

TABLE I.  Performance and physical requirements

REQUIREMENTS CLASS I CLASS II
Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals See Table III
Corrosion of Low-Embrittling Cadmium Plate by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals Weight change no greater than 0.14 mg/cm2 per day
Sandwich Corrosion Test Rating of 1 or less
Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating Processes and Service Environments No failures before 150 hours for Cd coated and IVD Al coated 4340 steel   1/ N/A
Effect of Cleaners on Unpainted Aircraft Surfaces No streaking, staining not easily removed by hand pressure and water
Stress Corrosion of Titanium Alloys by Aircraft Engine Cleaning Materials No cracking of Ti-6Al-4V
Effects of Cleaning and Chemical Maintenance Materials on Painted Aircraft Surfaces Coatings to be tested in accordance with Table IV with no softening in excess of 1 pencil hardness
Stress Crazing of Acrylic Plastics in Contact with Liquid or Semi-Liquid Compounds No crazing or staining
Rubber Property – Effect of Liquids Materials to be tested with no change in excess of that given by Table V after 24 hour immersion at 77° C.
Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester <140o F (60oC)
pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrodes pH <12.0 N/A
VOC content, g/l See type classifications for requirements. N/A
Vapor pressure, mm Hg Section 63.750 (a) and (b) shall be followed for the determination of composite vapor pressure.  See type classifications for requirements.
Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products <5mg/100ml
Cleaning Efficiency The cleaning efficiency shall be greater than 50%.
Low Temperature Stability The cleaning compound shall be homogeneous and shall not separate, layer, or visibly deteriorate.
Storage Stability The cleaning compound shall not separate, crystallize, or deteriorate and shall meet all other requirements of this specification. In addition, there shall be no container incompatibility, distortion, leakage, or container corrosion.
Accelerated Storage Stability No separation or effect on steel strip. Cleaning efficiency shall be no less than freshly made 8/ control formula.
Detection of Copper Corrosion from Petroleum Products by the Copper Strip Tarnish Test Copper Strip Classifications of 1b
Evaporation rate In conformance with the grade of the cleane

1/  Only needed for Class I

TABLE II.  Test methods.

REQUIREMENTS TEST METHOD REFERENCE PARAGRAPH TESTING
QUALIFICATION COMFORMANCE
Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals ASTM F483 4.5.1   &Table III X X
Corrosion of Low-Embrittling Cadmium Plate by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals ASTM F1111 X
Sandwich Corrosion Test ASTM F1110 X
Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating Processes and Service Environments ASTM F519 X
Effect of Cleaners on Unpainted Aircraft Surfaces ASTM F485 X
Stress Corrosion of Titanium Alloys by Aircraft Engine Cleaning Materials ASTM F945 X
Effects of Cleaning and Chemical Maintenance Materials on Painted Aircraft Surfaces ASTM F502 Table IV X
Stress Crazing of Acrylic Plastics in Contact with Liquid or Semi-Liquid Compounds ASTM F484 X X
Rubber Property – Effect of Liquids ASTM D471 Table V X
Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester ASTM D56 X X
pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrodes ASTM E70 X X
VOC content, g/l SCAQMD Method 313 X X
Vapor pressure, mm Hg 40 CFR Ch. 1 X
Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products ASTM D1353 X
Cleaning Efficiency as described 4.5.2 X X
Low Temperature Stability as described 4.5.3 X
Storage Stability as described 4.5.4 X
Accelerated Storage Stability as described 4.5.5 X
Detection of Copper Corrosion from Petroleum Products by the Copper Strip Tarnish Test ASTM D130 4.5.6 X X
Evaporation rate ASTM E2008 4.5.7 X

3.5  Cleaning method. The cleaning method shall be identified as either immersion, spray, or hand wipe.

3.6 Storage / shelf life.    The cleaning compound shall be capable of meeting all the requirements of this specification after being stored in its original container, unopened for a period of not less than one year at a temperature of  90 ± 2o F  (34 ± 1o C) and at a relative humidity of 50 % ± 20 percent.

3.7  Disposal.  Where possible, these cleaners should be recycled or biodegraded. Disposal of used cleaner should be in accordance with local, state and Federal regulations. Care should be taken to avoid mixing used cleaner with other waste materials, especially those containing halogenated solvents.

TABLE III.  Allowable loss for Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals, ASTM F 483

ALLOYS ALLOWABLE LOSS (mg/cm2)
Mg (AZ 31B-H24), AMS 4377, AMS-M-3171 surface treatment 0.5
Al AMS-QQ-A-250, T3, AMS 2470 surface treatment 0.15
Ti, AMS 4911, 6Al-4V 0.1
Steel, AMS 5046, Grade 1020 0.25
Al 6061 T6 (AMS-QQ-A-250/11) 0.2

TABLE IV.  Effects on Painted Surfaces ASTM F 502

COATINGS TO BE TESTED SURFACE TREATMENT
PRIMER TOPCOAT
MIL-P-53022 MIL-DTL-64159 or MIL-DTL-53039 MIL-A-8625 Type I
MIL-P-53022 MIL-DTL-64159 or MIL-DTL-53039 Trivalent Chrome Pretreatment (TCP)
MIL-P-53022 MIL-DTL-64159 or MIL-DTL-53039 DOD-P-15328
MIL-P-53030 MIL-DTL-64159 or MIL-DTL-53039 MIL-A-8625 Type I
MIL-P-53030 MIL-DTL-64159 or MIL-DTL-53039 Trivalent Chrome Pretreatment (TCP)
MIL-P-53030 MIL-DTL-64159 or MIL-DTL-53039 DOD-P-15328

Table V.  Rubber Property – Effect of Liquids after 24 hour immersion at 77° C.

 

RUBBER SPECIFICATION DUROMETER HARDNESS (CHANGE IN UNITS) TENSILE STRENGTH (% CHANGE) ULTIMATE ELONGATION(% CHANGE) VOLUME(% CHANGE)
Buna-N SAE-AMS-P-5510 6 5 10 1.7
MIL-P-5516 -Class A 1 10 12 1.3
MIL-P-5516 -Class B 2 20 20 1.5
MIL-P-25732 2 20 20 1.5
SAE-AMS-P-83461 2 10 12 0.4
Buna-S ASTM D866 – 99 1 12 20 1.2
Polychloroprene MIL-R-6855 3 5 15 3.0
Hypalon-40 MIL-R-81828 6 15 10 2.5
Ethylene Propylene MIL-G-22050-65DH 4 5 5 0.5
MIL-G-22050-80DH 4 5 5 1.5
NAS-1613 – 70DH 6 20 12 1.7
NAS-1613 – 80DH 4 35 12 0.5
SAE-AMS-R-83285-60DH 2 15 5 1.2
SAE-AMS-R-83285-80DH 1 5 5 1.3
KEL-F Commercial 3 5 45 0.2
Thiokol FA Commercial 6 10 20 1.2
Adiprene Commercial 7 55 85 2.0
Viton – 75DH SAE-AS-3209 and AMS-7276 6 15 25 2.3
Viton – 90DH SAE-AS-3581 and AMS-7259 4 10 30 0.7
Silicone Commercial 1 5 55 0.2

 

4.  VERIFICATION

4.1  Classification of inspection.  The inspection requirements specified herein are classified as follows:
a.  Qualification inspection (see 4.2).
b.  Retention inspection (see 4.3).
c.  Conformance inspection (see 4.4).

4.2   Qualification inspection.  Qualification inspection shall consist of all inspections and tests specified in Table II.  Failure of any test shall be cause for rejection.

4.2.1  Qualification samples. The initial qualification samples shall consist of 12 liters (3 gallons) of the cleaning compound.  The cleaning compound shall be furnished in containers of the class, type, and grade to be used in filling contract orders.  Samples shall be identified (see 6.3.1.1) and forwarded to the qualifying activity (see 3.1.3) for testing.

4.2.2  Test reports.  The contractor shall provide certified test reports showing that the material conforms to all the requirements of this specification (see 6.3.1).

4.3  Retention inspection.  To ensure compliance with all the requirements of this specification the manufacturer shall complete DD Form 1718 (Certification of Qualified Products) for each plant location and certify that the statements listed on the DD Form 1718 are true.  Unless otherwise specified by the qualifying activity (see 6.2), the time of periodic verification by certification shall be in two-year intervals from the date of original qualification (see 3.1.2).

4.4  Conformance inspection.  Conformance inspection shall consist of the satisfaction of all of the requirements identified as conformance in Table II.  If during conformance testing a lot fails any of the above acceptance tests, all tests required for qualification shall be reinstituted. These qualification tests shall be required until two successive lots meet all requirements of the specification, after which conformance testing shall again be authorized.

4.4.1 Sampling. Unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order (see 6.2), not less than a 3.8 liter (1 gal) container of the cleaning compound shall be selected at random from each lot and subjected to the tests specified in 4.5.  The contents of each selected container for sampling shall be thoroughly mixed by rolling and inverting immediately prior to sampling.

4.4.2  Lot. A lot shall consist of one of the following.

4.4.2.1  Lot A.  The cleaning compound produced in not more than 24 consecutive hours from a continuous process which is used to fill shipping containers directly from the process output. A continuous process shall be the production of product by continuous input of raw materials and output of finished product by one manufacturer in one plant with no change in manufacturing conditions or materials.

4.4.2.2 Lot B.   The cleaning compound from individual runs of a batch process which is used to fill shipping containers directly from the process output. A batch process shall be the production of product by runs from single additions of raw materials which are mixed, reacted, or purified forming the product.

4.4.2.3 Lot C.  The cleaning compound from either or both the continuous and batch processes shall be held in a single storage tank and subsequently withdrawn to fill shipping containers. The product shall be homogeneous at the time of withdrawal and shall not be added to while being withdrawn. After each addition to the storage tank, the contents shall constitute a separate lot.

4.4.3 Sampling of product. Unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order (see 6.2), conformance inspection (4.4) shall be made on the sample of product taken directly from the filled containers.  The number of filled containers selected for sampling from each lot shall be in accordance with Table VI.  The first and last containers to be filled within a given lot shall be sampled. Other containers shall be selected at random. The samples may be obtained in any convenient manner that does not compromise the integrity of the sample.

TABLE VI.  Number of Containers to be sampled.

Number of Containersin lot Number of Containersto be sampled
2 to 15 2
16 to 25 3
26 to 90 5
91 to 150 8
151 to 280 13
281 to 500 20
501 to 1200 32
1201 to 3200 50
3201 to 10000 80
10001 to 35000 125
35001 to 150000 200
150001 to 500000 315

500001 and over

500

4.4.4  Inspection of materials.  The contractor is responsible for ensuring that materials and components used are manufactured, tested and inspected in accordance with the requirements of referenced subsidiary specifications and standards to the extent specified, or, if none, in accordance with this specification (see 2.3)

4.4.5  Rejection and retest.  When any sample of the product examined and tested in accordance with this specification fails to conform to the requirements specified herein, the entire lot represented by the sample shall be rejected. Rejected material shall not be resubmitted for acceptance without prior approval of the qualifying activity. The application for resubmission shall contain full particulars concerning previous rejections and all measures taken to correct those defects. Samples for retest shall be taken only from a sealed container.

4.5  Tests methods. The tests of this specification shall be conducted in accordance with the applicable methods specified in Table II (Listed in 4.5.1 through 4.5.7).

4.5.1 Total immersion corrosion. The cleaners shall not show any indication of staining, etching, pitting, or localized, or cause weight change to an average of three (3) test panels greater than that shown in Table III.

4.5.2  Soil cleaning test. The test shall be conducted according to the solvent soil test method described in Federal Standard 791D, Method 7502, modified by limits on the ultrasonic device. These limits are: The ultrasonic cleaner shall have a frequency = 40 kHz ± 5kHz and a  bath power = 120 watt/gal ± 10 watt/gal.  The soil used in this evaluation is MIL-PRF-10924 grease. The acceptable limit for each type of solvent is defined in Table I.

4.5.3  Low temperature stability Approximately 50 ml of the sample shall be poured into a suitable size test tube and cooled to -18o ±5o C (0o ± 9°F). This temperature shall be maintained for one hour. The compound shall then be allowed to reach room temperature. After five inversions of the test tube, the compound shall be examined for homogeneity.

4.5.4  Storage stability.  A one-quart container filled with cleaning compound furnished for storage stability shall be stored for 12 months at 21° ±2°C (70° ±4°F). After the storage period, the sample shall be tested to all the requirements of this specification and examined for conformance.

4.5.5 Accelerated Storage Stability.

4.5.5.1 Preparation of test sample. A 5 oz (41.9 ml) portion of a well-shaken cleaning compound shall be poured into a clean 12 oz (254.9 ml) pressure resistant clear glass bottle approximately 9.5 in. (24.1 cm) in height and 2.5 in. (6.4 cm ) in outside diameter. A strip of steel 6 x 0.5 x 0.02 in. (5.2 x 1.27 x 0.05 cm) conforming to SAE-AMS 5046 shall be polished with 280-grit silicon carbide paper to remove surface contamination and then cleaned by boiling for one minute in mineral spirits and one minute in isopropyl alcohol. The steel strip shall be placed in the test bottle and the bottle capped. The bottle shall then be inverted to completely coat the steel strip.

4.5.5.2  Procedure.  The capped bottle containing the steel strip shall be placed in a hot water bath held at 140° ±4 °F (60° ±2 °C) for 8 hours. The bath and the bottle shall then be allowed to cool for 16 hours and the 24 hour cycle repeated each day for a total of seven days. On the eighth day, the bottle shall be removed from the bath, uncapped, examined for separation, and the steel strip withdrawn and examined for corrosion. The aged sample shall be tested for cleaning efficiency.

4.5.6  Copper corrosion.  The test shall be preformed in accordance with ASTM D130 for 3 hours at 100°C).

4.5.7  Evaporation rate.  In accordance with ASTM E2008, “Standard test Method for Volatility Rate by Thermogravity,” measure the average volatility rate of the cleaner and of a control sample of n-butyl acetate. The volatility rates shall each be the average of three measurements, each measurement performed at a constant temperature of 50°C. Divide the average volatility rate of the cleaner by the average volatility rate of n-butyl acetate to obtain comparative volatility ratio.

5.  PACKAGING

5.1  Packaging.  For acquisition purposes, the packaging requirements shall be as specified in the contract or order (see 6.2).  When packaging of materiel components are to be performed by DoD or in-house contractor personnel, these personnel need to contact the responsible packaging activity to ascertain packaging requirements.  Packaging requirements are maintained by the Inventory Control Point’s packaging activities within the Military Service or Defense Agency, or within the military service’s system commands.  Packaging data retrieval is available from the managing Military Department’s or Defense Agency’s automated packaging files, CD-ROM products, or by contacting the responsible packaging activity.

6.  NOTES

(This section contains information of a general or explanatory nature that may be helpful, but is not mandatory.)

6.1  Intended use.  The general cleaners and cleaning compounds specified by this specification will be used on all military ground and support vehicles/equipment.

6.2  Ordering data.  Procurement documents should specify the following:

a. Title, number, and date of this specification.
b. Specify class, type, and grade of the cleaner (see 1.2).
c. If issues of documents are different (see 2.2.1, 2.2.2, and 2.3).
d. If the time of periodic verification is different (see 3.1.2 and 4.3).
e. If the size of the conformance sample is different (see 4.4.1).
f. If conformance tests are to be made on different samples then those specified (see 4.4.3).
g. If packaging requirements are different (see 5.1).

6.3 Qualification. With respect to products requiring qualification, awards will be made only for products which are, at the time of award of contract, qualified for inclusion in Qualified Products Database QPD-xxxx, whether or not such products have actually been so listed by that date.  The attention of contractors is called to this requirement and manufacturers are urged to arrange to have the products that they propose to offer to the Federal Government tested for qualification in order that they may be eligible to be awarded contracts or purchase orders for the products covered by this specification.  Information pertaining to qualification of products and the samples for the qualified products database (QPD) testing (see 4.2) and for the conformance program (see 4.4) should be submitted to the Rapid Technology Transition Team, Materials Manufacturing Technologies Branch, Material & Manufacturing Science Division, Army Research Laboratory located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 21005-5069.

6.3.1  Storage stability, inspection, and other information.  In addition to the qualification test
samples, the qualifying activity will request the manufacturer to submit to the qualification activity: (a) a certified test report showing that the material conforms to the requirements of this specification (see 4.2.2); (b) one copy of the MSDS (see 6.5.1); (c) certification that the manufacturer’s material meets the VOC requirement (see Table I).

6.3.1.1  Qualification inspection sample identification.  Qualification inspection samples are to be forwarded to the laboratory designated in the letter of authorization (see 6.3) and identified as follows:
QUALIFICATION TEST SAMPLES
Specification MIL-PRF-XXXX, Class 1 or 2, Type I or II (a or b), Grade I, II, or III   (as applicable)
CLEANER, GENERAL, FOR MILITARY GROUND VEHICLES AND GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT, LOW OR EXEMPT VOC,HAP-FREE
Manufacturer’s name and product number
Submitted by (name and date) for qualification testing in accordance with authorization
(reference authorizing letter)

6.4  Definitions.

6.4.1 Carcinogens. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) definition of carcinogens is those chemicals / processes appearing in lists 1, 2A, and 2B of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 1/; substances known to be carcinogenic and occupational exposures associated with a technological process known to be carcinogenic by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens (latest annual report) 2/; and OSHA regulated carcinogens.

1/ Copies of these volumes may be found in medical libraries or through the World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

2/ Copies may be obtained from the Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program, Public Information Office, P.O. Box 12233, MD B2-04, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 or at http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov.

6.4.2  Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP).  HAP is defined as any substance listed under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act or its modifications. The text of the Clean Air Act, listed pollutants and modifications are kept by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and are accessible through the website: http://www.epa.gov.

6.4.3  Volatile organic compound (VOC).  VOC is defined in 40 CFR Part 51.100.   Volatile organic compounds (VOC) means any compound of carbon, excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate, which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions.

6.5  Toxicity.

6.5.1  Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).  An MSDS must be prepared and submitted in accordance with FED-STD-313.  Submission must be directed to the Rapid Technology Transition team (see 6.3).  The MSDS must also meet the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200. The 29 CFR 1910.1200 requires that the MSDS for each hazardous chemical used in an operation must be readily available to personnel using the material.  Questions pertinent to the effect(s) of these cleaners on the health of personnel using them should be referred by the procuring activity to the appropriate medical service, who will act as its adviser.  Contracting officers will identify the activities requiring copies of the MSDS.

6.6  Subject term (key word) listing.

Aqueous
Environmental
Non-aqueous
Non-aviation
Non-hazardous

CONCLUDING MATERIAL

Custodians:                             Preparing activity:
Army – MR                                 ARMY – MR
Navy – SH                              (Project 6850-2008-003)
Air Force – 68

Review activities:
Army – AT, EA, GL
Navy – AS, CG
Air Force – 03, 11, 50, 84, 99
DLA – GS, GS3
GSA – FSS
MISC – MP

NOTE: The activities listed above were interested in this document as of the date of this document. Since organizations and responsibilities can change, you should verify the currency of the information above using the ASSIST Online database at http://assist.daps.dla.mil/.